The core principle of CBT is the belief that problems are based, in part, on faulty or unhealthy ways of thinking and, in part, by learned behaviors of dyfunctional actions. The first goal is to recognize cognitive distortions that are creating problems and then to re-evaluate in the light of reality. The focus of therapy is to learn problem solving skills to cope with difficult situations, develop a greater sense of confidence in one's own abilty, and gain a better understanding of behaviors and the motivations of self and others. We change behavioral patters by facing fears instead of avoiding, talk through problematic interactions with others, and learn to calm the mind and relax the body.
Solution Focused is a future-focused, goal driven approach that highlights the importance of searching for solutions rather than focusing on the problems. It is a strength based approach emphasing resilience, empowerment and resources we already have and how to utilize these tools in pursuit of goals and enactment of positive change.
This is a nondirective method of psychotherapy that assists in helping clients to effectively use their untapped resources in solving problems and discovering their own path. Therapy is client driven in an active role with the therapist being the supporting character. One tool used is the therapist responding with reflective listening to clarify responses to promote self understanding. Goals include the following: increase self esteem, begin to live a purposeful life, reduce defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity to promote more positive and comfortable relationships and increase the capacity to experience and express feelings
EFT is a couples and family therapy with the goal of facilitating secure and lasting bonds by reinforcing pre-existing positive bonds and helping those in treatment to increase security, closeness and connection in intimate relationships. Attachment theory helped guide the development of this method. Relational distress is often driven by deeply rooted fears of abandonment and when emotional needs are not met, couples/families become stuck in negative patterns of interaction fueled by ineffective attemps to make others understand emotions related to unmet needs. Clients are often dealing with feelings of anger, fear, loss of trust, and betrayal. These negative emotions can be safely expressed and addressed in order to increase attachment which creates secure bonds, deeper trust to move the relationship in a healthier directions.
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